Colitis can turn ulcerative if there is a constant infection that causes ulcers in the colon. Colitis belongs to the group of conditions called the Inflammatory Bowel Disease that does not have a permanent cure. However, the condition can be treated from time to time through medication.
Colitis can occur in people of any age between 15 and 30 years. It affects men and women equally and appears to be a genetic disease with many studies confirming up to 20 per cent of people with colitis have a family member or relative with the ailment.
What causes colitis?
One of the main reasons why people get colitis is an over-reactive immune system that mistakenly attacks your body causing inflammation and tissue damage.
Colitis symptoms often get worse over time. In the beginning, you may notice:
- Diarrhoea and irregular bowel movements
- Blood and pus in bowel movements
- Severe stomach cramps
- Nausea and vomiting
- Drastic weight loss and anemia
- High fever
- Sores or ulcers in the mouth
- Pain in joints
- Red, swollen eyes
- In children, colitis hampers regular growth.
How to treat colitis?
According to doctors, the condition cannot be treated but subsided through medications. The strong antibiotic helps to calm down the infection and get you back into your daily routine. They also help in healing the tissues in the large intestine. In severe cases, doctors also advice surgery.
Disclaimer: Tips and suggestions mentioned in the article are for general information purposes only and should not be construed as professional medical advice. Always consult your doctor or a dietician before starting any fitness programme or making any changes to your diet.